Ever heard of this word – Photojournalism?
Don’t be shocked if you don’t know about it, as I too came to know about it recently.
As the name suggests, it is journalism through photography. In a broader sense, it is a kind of photography, which creates images in order to tell a news story.
Interesting? Now read on.
The practice of illustrating news stories with photographs was made possible by printing and photography innovations that occurred between 1880 and 1897. While newsworthy events were photographed as early as the 1850s, printing presses could only publish from engravings until the 1880s. Early news photographs required that photos be re-interpreted by an engraver before they could be published. The first photojournalist was Carol Szathmari who did pictures in the Crimean War(1853 to 1856).
What is the difference between a photographer, journalist and a photojournalist:
A journalist tells stories.
A photographer takes pictures of nouns (people, places and things). A photojournalist takes the best of both and locks it into the most powerful medium available – frozen images. Photographers take pictures of people, places and things etc.
Photojournalists shoot action verbs such as “kicks”, “explodes”, “cries”, “firing of a bullet” etc.
There are a few rules for the photojournalism as well:
Here are a few rules of thumb: (i) the image should present an instantly recognizable story; (ii) it should be of interest to the average viewer; (iii) it must show good technique (focus, exposure, etc.); and (iv) composition should be appropriate for the subject matter.
Photojournalist is considered as one of the exciting career options but due to its demand for travelling and high risk taking, there are a less number of people involved in this kind of journalism.
Photojournalism can be extremely hard work, and the person who chooses it as career should be dedicated.
But with the new technology in digital photography, many are pursuing this as a career as well.
Also, check out this superb blog on Photojournalism by Mark Hancock http://markhancock.blogspot.com/1996/01/what-is-photojournalist.html