Today while reading some news letter i came across this word that sounded strange. The word is hegemony. I am sorry to say i do not have a good hold of english and i am making an effort to learn to write and speak good english.. (for people who think i am good at it, pls dont think i am being humble and modest here 🙂 really i do not know good english).
Ok, i got the roots of this word “hegemony”. Before i go on telling what it means, i want to tell how i came across this word. This word is usually used now-a-days where big corporations are taking over other meek organisations, it is called as hegemony. Recently Oracle taking over Sun Microsystems has shock waves being felt everywhere in the world. The news is something like this “…Oracle’s Hegemony Claim…”
Ok, now about the history of the word (sources from wiki)
Meaning of hegemony (noun) form: hegemonies: the dominance or leadership of one social group or nation over others.
It first denoted the dominance of a Greek city-state over other city-states, then denoted the dominance of one nation over others. Moreover, a hegemony is the type of empire, wherein, the imperial state controls the subordinate state with power (the perception that it can enforce its political goals), rather than with force (direct physical action to compel its political goals).In the field of international relations, the hegemon (leader) dictates the politics of the subordinate states upon whom it has hegemony via cultural imperialism — the imposition of its way of life, i.e. its language (as imperial lingua franca) and bureaucracies (social, economic, educational, governing), to make its dominance formal — and, so, render as abstract its foreign domination of the subordinate state; thus, power does not rest in a given person, but in the way things are, yet, any rebellion (social, political, economic, armed) is eliminated by the local police and military, without the hegemon’s direct intervention, e.g. the Spanish and the British empires, and the united Germany.
Etymologically, hegemony (leadership) derives from hegeisthai (to lead); in the Mediterranean Europe of the Ancient World, Sparta was the hegemon (leader) city-state of the Peloponnesian League, in the 6th century BC, and King Philip II of Macedon was the hegemon of the League of Corinth, in 337 BC, (a kingship he willed to his son, Alexander the Great); in Eastern Asia, it occurred in China, during the Spring and Autumn Period (ca. 770–480 BC), when the weakened rule of the Zhou Dynasty lead to the relative autonomy of the Five Hegemons (“Ba” in Chinese) who were appointed, by feudal lord conferences, and were nominally obliged to uphold the Zhou dynastic imperium over the subordinate states. In late sixteenth- and early seventeenth-century-Japan, hegemon applies to its “Three Unifiers” — Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and Tokugawa Ieyasu — who exercised hegemony over most of the country.
Different types of hegemony are: Cultural hegemony; Monetary hegemony; Regional hegemony
An example: Only great conceit could inspire a dream of armed world hegemony
Many more examples can be found here — www.yourdictionary.com/examples/hegemony
Just got some info, so I was keen on sharing it here in my blog.. 🙂